This month we are finding out about dry skin.
A lipid dry skin may have a tendency toward an uneven texture and over the cheek area, featuring reddish patches with fine capillaries visible. In addition to these intrinsic factors, a lipid dry skin will generally experience very little resistance to climatic extremes and artificial environments (central heating), making it feel hot, burning and itchy.
Lipid-Dry Skin can be a sign of:
• Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency (EFAD)
• Abusive skin treatments (over-cleansing, over-exfoliating)
• Inappropriate ingredients in skin care products (emulsifiers, preservatives, fragrances,
mineral oils, etc.)
• Self-induced through diet (caffeine, alcohol, junk food), medications, or lack of water intake
• Environmental conditions (indoor heating, air-conditioning, climate)
• Medical conditions (eczema, psoriasis, etc.)
How does one counter these effects?
• Restore the bi-layers (preventing evaporation).
• Restore sebum production.
• Replace natural moisturizers in the skin instead of washing them out.
• Avoid emulsifiers, preservatives, etc.
Products for Daily Skincare:
• Mild Cleansing Milk
• Eye Gel
Products for Weekly Skincare:
• Mask with Vitamins
• Exfoliating Cream
Active Agents to Consider for this Condition:
Magnesium and Calcium — Salts containing magnesium and calcium improve barrier function of the skin and help dry skin or prevent its development.
Vitamin C — Vitamin C increases ceramide synthesis in the skin and causes more of the long-chain beneficial ceramides to be made. Both these effects help with dry skin.
Macadamia Nut Oil
Rose Hip Seed Oil
Evening Primrose Oil
Glycerol — Glycerol helps with moisturization. It does so by helping desmosome bridges between stratum corneum cells to degrade so the cells can be shed appropriately. Glycerol also helps the lipid molecules between cells provide a better barrier to water.
Hydroxy Acids — Both alpha hydroxy acids and beta hydroxy acids assist with the proper shedding of dead skin cells. Alpha hydroxy acids encourage lipid synthesis in the intercellular areas, which improves barrier function and improves dry skin. Lactic acid, an alpha hydroxy acid, particularly improves ceramide synthesis.
Enzymes — enzymes help the desmosome connections between cells break down so the cells can come apart and be shed
A lipid dry skin is most often found in conjunction with a fair complexion, although it is not uncommon among coloured skins. The first thing observed with a lipid dry skin is there will be minimal sebaceous secretions and cellular lipids present. Typical appearance will be dull and often rough, worn and parchment like, with a matt appearance and lacking suppleness.